We recognize Martin Luther King Jr. as a worldwide leader because of his inspirational speeches and what he indeed did for the oppressed and condemned in the United States. The media has played a very important role in the image of this leader through out the years. Among the readings spread on the Web, I found an interesting article from Dr. Peter J. Ling in a BBC website.
I was going to post this yesterday but I decided to wait and now I see that someone else considered the same text, but with a different focus. Ling’s article has several topics, including one called The “Great Leader” Myth, in which the author points out that King’s leadership was questioned during his lifetime and after his death.
Martin Luther King had different supporters and detractors: people believing in non-violence and human rights and others that just considered him a threat, not sharing his vision of freedom without violence. They questioned many of the events in which he was involved and how some of them were planned with specific purposes.
“While King rarely relaxed in public, especially in white company, his conspicuous gravitas commanded respect. This persona was partly why he was chosen to lead the Montgomery bus boycott, and why he emerged to publicize not just the boycott, but the freedom struggle in general. The media quickly spotted his ability to articulate the moral dimensions of the struggle in ways that appealed to moderate public opinion, especially away from the South. He made it easier to accept change.”
“As a leader, King had to end the possibility of ‘business as usual’. He had to threaten racial catastrophe, while simultaneously holding out the promise of racial peace. He needed compelling images of the nightmare, as well as the dream.”
There is no doubt that King fought for peace and justice to the extent of giving his life for his cause. He was truly a leader for civil rights who brilliantly ended up knowing what to do in order to achieve his objectives. King became a point of balance, and the center of significant civil rights movements in the United States.
“There were many leaders in the civil rights struggle, but Martin Luther King was more than just the most conspicuous of them, and more than just an eloquent speaker. His non-violence inspired some support, but it also appealed vitally to neutrals in a way that negated more conservative voices. No one else matched his leadership of targeted, orchestrated campaigns that strengthened national political strategy.”
By Fernando Aguilar / @fjaguilarr
Note: Quotes taken from the article Martin Luther King’s Style of Leadership, by Dr. Peter J Ling