Written by Lila Ojha,reviewed by Sepeedeh Hashemian
Global warming and climate change affect all continents and every country. The main reasons that global warming is destroying the natural environment are the modern industrial evolution and growing population. Huge amounts of gas, fuel and coal are producing an increasing amount of carbon dioxide and other air pollutants which trap the sun’s heat in the atmosphere and cause the Earth to warm up. Many climate scientists have concluded that the main reason for global warming is air pollution which is created by the growth of population in the world. The increasing temperature of the earth causes the ocean to warm up and cause destructive hurricanes, flooding, diseases and damages many parts of the world. We can even feel and observe that every year the size of the impact of disastrous weather is growing larger due to climate change.
The major carbon dioxide and air pollution are produced more by developed and industrial countries than developing countries. However, the impact of global warming is not only limited to developed countries but rather affects poor people from food scarcity in least developed countries . The United States alone produces 25 percent of the carbon dioxide pollution from fossil fuels which is higher than China, India, and Japan.
According to The World Bank climate research the risks to agriculture and food security in sub- Saharan Africa; rise in sea-level, bleaching of coral reefs, and devastation of coastal areas in South East Asia; and fluctuating rain patterns and food production impacts in South Asia. Likewise, the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest has started to melt due to climate change.
To resolve and reduce temperature change in the world every country’s government and civil societies should have the common agenda to be aware and advocate building program where all people can learn to curb their carbon footprint regardless of geography and culture.